The Crossword Solver found answer to “Noggin”, 4 letters crossword clue. The Crossword Solver finds answers to American-style crosswords, British-style crosswords, general knowledge crosswords and cryptic crossword puzzles.
Answer : DOME
The earliest domes were probably roofed primitive huts and consisted of bent-over branches plastered with mud. Another primitive form, called a beehive dome, is constructed of concentric rings of stones and has a conical shape. Ancient examples have been found in the tombs of Mycenae (Ancient Greece or the East Mediterranean Bronze Age civilisation pre 500 B.C.) and can also still be seen in the folk architecture of Sicily. Although there is evidence of widespread knowledge of the dome, its early use was apparently restricted to small structures built of mud brick.
It was the Romans who first fully realized the architectural potentials of the dome, culminating in the 2nd Century A.D. Later this continued with Byzantine builders at Constantinople A.D. 532–37 and Islamic architectural use of domes. During the Italian Renaissance many churches were covered by masonry dome structures.
The dome in modern architecture utilizes such construction materials as reinforced and thin-shell concrete, glass and steel, and plastic. An innovative contemporary approach to the form is the geodesic dome. These are low-cost, geometrically determined hemispherical forms as promoted by the architect Richard Buckminster Fuller (see notes, below) for low cost housing. Among the best-known examples of geodesic domes are the United States Pavilion at Montreal’s Expo 67, Biosphere II, an experimental recreation of the ecosystem in Arizona and the Eden project in Cornwall.